Most Famous National Parks in East India

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The wildlife in East India is quite incomparable to any other part of the country. There are several national parks in East India, preserving some of the rare and endangered species of animals in the world. These national parks are also delightful for nature lovers as they are replete with lush and diverse vegetation. Another notable fact about the wildlife reserves of East India is that four of them are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. That’s why the national parks of East India are quite popular among tourists.

Top 6 National Parks East India

If you desire to catch a glimpse of wildlife diversity during the upcoming vacations, head towards East India and you will be astonished for sure. Some of the best places for spotting endangered and rare species of flora and fauna are discussed below:

  1. Kaziranga National Park
  2. Orang National Park
  3. Manas National Park
  4. Sundarbans National Park
  5. Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Khangchendzonga National Park
  7. Kaziranga National Park, Assam

Kaziranga National Park, Assam

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Famous all around the world for having two-thirds of the world’s population of one-horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the northeastern Indian state of Assam. It is also a tiger reserve having the highest density of tigers and is counted amongst the protected areas in the world. Spread across an area of 430 sq. km, the national park is located in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. The vegetation of the national park consists of tall elephant grass, dense tropical moist broadleaf forests and marshland. The park is also composed of 4 major rivers and several small water bodies.

  • Location – Kanchanjuri, Assam 784177
  • Flora – Bombax ceiba, Albizia procera, Grewia serrulata, Leea indica, etc.
  • Fauna – Wild water buffalo, elephant, swamp deer, kingfisher, heron, etc.
  • Activities available – Bird watching, photography, elephant riding, jeep safari
  • Best time to visit – November – February

How to reach

  • By Air – The nearest airport to reach Kaziranga National Park is Rowriah Airport at a distance of 74 km.
  • By Road – Regular bus services ply from places like Guwahati, Dimapur, Tezpur, etc. to reach the park.
  • By Train – Helem Railway Station, located a distance of 30 km away from the national park is the nearest one.

Orang National Park, Assam

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Covering an area of 78.81 sq. km, Orang National Park is located on the northern bank of River Brahmaputra in Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam. The park has ample supply of water, hailing from Pachnoi River, Belsiri River and Dhansiri River. The national park forms a significant portion of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. The park has rich vegetation, including forest, natural forest and non-aquatic grass/plants. Several tribal villages live around the national park, subjecting it to biotic pressure. Though the major attraction of the park is one-horned rhinoceros, the park contains several species of mammals, fish, avifauna and reptiles.

  • Location – Singari Bangali Gaon, Assam 784110
  • Flora – Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo, Sterculia villosa, Andropogon, Water hyacinth, etc.
  • Fauna – Royal Bengal tiger, elephant, hog deer, great white pelican, king cobra, etc.
  • Activities available – Bird watching, photography, elephant riding, wildlife safari, cruise ride
  • Best time to visit – November – March

How to reach

  • By Air – The nearest airport is Tezpur Airport, which is located at a distance of 60 km.
  • By Road – Regular bus services ply from nearby cities and towns to reach the park.
  • By Train – Located at a distance of 55 km, Saloni railway station is the nearest one.

Manas National Park, Assam

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Also known as Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, this national park is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site in Assam. It is also a tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve. It is spread across an area of 950 sq. km in the foothills of the Great Himalayas. This park is not only known for its diverse wildlife but is also popular for its collection of forested hills, tropical evergreen forests and alluvial grasslands. The park is named after a serpent goddess Mansa or it can be said that the park’s name has been derived out from the river Manas, which is a tributary of the Brahmaputra River and flows through the core of the park. The sanctuary has as many as 380 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and 55 species of mammals. Some of the major highlights of the national park are Bengal florican, hispid hare, golden langur, Assam roofed turtle, etc.

  • Location – Manas Road, Barangabari Gyati Village, Dist Baksa, Gobardhana, Assam 781315
  • Flora – Anthocephalus chinensis, Syzygium cumini, Gmelina arborea, Leea, Grewia, etc.
  • Fauna – Water buffalo, gaur, barasingha, great hornbill, magpie robin, etc. 
  • Activities available – Jeep safari, river rafting, elephant safari, photography, bird watching
  • Best time to visit – October – April 

How to reach

  • By Air – Guwahati Airport is the nearest airport, located at a distance of 176 km.
  • By Road – The park can be easily accessed by road via Guwahati (176 km), Kaziranga (403 km), Darjeeling (466 km), etc.
  • By Train – Barpeta Road is the nearest railway station, which is located at a distance of 40 km from the park.

Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal

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Located in West Bengal, Sundarbans National Park is known all over the world for hosting the biggest mangrove forests. It is also a tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve. The park is formed by 54 small islands and several tributaries of River Ganges. Tourists from all across the world visit the park not only to enjoy amidst the scenic surroundings but also to have a look at rich wildlife, comprising of several species of mammals, reptiles and birds. Another aspect that sets this park apart from all others is that it is the only mangrove forest in the world, which have tigers and that too, which know how to swim in saline waters. Spread over a large area of land, this mangrove forest is shared between India and Bangladesh. The maximum part of this delta lies in Bangladesh.

  • Location – Kolkata, West Bengal 743370
  • Flora – Genwa, Kankra, Khalsi, Garjan, Passur, etc. 
  • Fauna – Royal Bengal tiger, leopard cat, macaque, coot, Gangetic dolphin, salt-water crocodile, rat snake, etc.
  • Activities available – Bird watching, photography, boat ride
  • Best time to visit – September – March

How to reach

  • By Air – Kolkata International Airport at a distance of 140 km is the nearest one to reach Sundarbans National Park.
  • By Road – Sundarbans share good connectivity with Sonakhali, Namkhana, Canning, Godkhali, etc.
  • By Train – The nearest railway station to reach the park is Canning Railway Station, which is located at a distance of 29 km.

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh

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Also known as Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary, this sanctuary comes under the protected area of India and is located in the Himalayan foothills of West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. Perched atop 500-3250 m above the sea level, this sanctuary is one of the most scenic destinations in North East India. The sanctuary is fringed by Sessa Orchid Sanctuary to the northeast and Pakhui Tiger Reserve to the east. Moreover, the sanctuary is a significant part of the Kameng Elephant Reserve. Though one can spot several animals, butterflies and reptiles in the sanctuary, it is famous as a birder’s haven due to being a habitat of as many as 454 species of birds.

  • Location – West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Flora – Roadside scrubs, farmland, bamboo, conifers, broad-leaved forest, etc.  
  • Fauna – Asian elephant, red panda, gaur, Ward’s Trogon, Beautiful Nuthatch, etc.
  • Activities available – Bird watching, nature photography, trekking, camping
  • Best time to visit – October – April

How to reach

  • By Air – The nearest airport to the sanctuary is Tezpur Airport at a distance of 150 km.
  • By Road – Tawang – Tezpur road connects the sanctuary to several cities such as Tawang (25 km), Bomdila (50 km), Tezpur (150 km), etc.
  • By Train – Bhalukpong Railway Station at a distance of 94 km is the nearest one to reach the sanctuary.
Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim
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Spread across a large area, Khangchendzonga National Park is also a biosphere reserve located in Sikkim. Furthermore, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is named after Khangchendzonga, the third highest peak in the world, which sets the backdrop of the park at 8586 m altitude. Set at a height of 1829 m, the park is one of the few high altitude national parks of India. The park shares borders with China and Nepal. The park shelters about 18 glaciers, including the massive Zemu glacier and features many plains, rivers, valleys, lakes and mountains covered with forests. The park is endowed with a unique ecosystem and hence comprising of multiple species of flora and fauna.

  • Location – North Sikkim, Sikkim
  • Flora – Quercus Lineata, Acer Campbellii, Picrorhiza, Abies Densa, Junipers, etc.
  • Fauna – Blood pheasant, black-headed crane, musk deer, rat snake, civet, takin, etc.
  • Activities available – Bird watching, nature photography, trekking, campingBest time to visit – March – May and September – mid-December

How to reach

  • By Air – Bagdogra Airport in West Bengal at a distance of 222 km is the nearest one from the national park.
  • By Road – One can hire a private taxi or can take a bus to reach the park via NH-31A.
  • By Train – The nearest railway station to reach the park is Siliguri Junction in West Bengal at a distance of 105 km.

These national parks located in East India are the best to provide you with an extraordinary experience of spotting wildlife. So, don’t think much and plan a tour to East India at the earliest to meet some rare and endangered species of the world. Moreover, you can click some wonderful shots of animals and birds in their natural habitat.

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