Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
India is truly diversified in terms of flora and fauna, therefore, housing numerable Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks which can be really fun for all the nature and wildlife buffs. Due to its rich topography, it observes a lot of thick forests which are the habitat of various birds and animals. India is home to some of the endangered and exotic species of the world.
Most Popular Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
No matter which region of India you visit, it has a plethora of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries everywhere. You can enjoy at the Great Himalayan National Park in the north while in the south, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary can be viewed. In all, one can find as much as 543 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. Few best of them have been mentioned below:
- Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
- Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
- Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
- Kaziranga National Park, Assam
- Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Periyar National Park, Kerala
- Manas National Park, Assam
- Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
- Gir National Park, Gujarat
1. Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
Amidst all the National Parks inherited by India, Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest National Park. Spread over an area of more than 500 sq. km. in the thick of foothills of the Himalayas and along the banks of the Ramaganga River, this park was established in year 1936 to preserve the imposing Royal Bengal Tigers. In addition to this, it also harbors around 50 species of trees, 580 bird species and 50 species of animals including 25 reptile species. Divided into 5 parts namely Bijrani, Dhikala, Jhirna, Domunda and Sonanandi, the park has separate gates for each.
2. Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
It used to be the hunting ground of the Maharaja of Mysore in earlier times. Nestled at a distance of 80 km from Mysore, this park was established as a reserve in 1974. Brimming with charming wildlife and plenitude of fauna, it is also the first Biosphere Reserve of the country. The park serves as a shelter to multiple endangered species. Due to being set in Nilgiris, the park is also rewarded with the nature’s best. Animals like elephants, hornbills, deers, sloth bears, pythons, etc. are frequently spotted in this park.
3. Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
Another National Park situated in Mysore, Karnataka is also rich in flora and fauna. This park is surrounded by Kabini River on the north and Bandipur National Park on the south. In addition to sheltering the significant quantity of tigers, this park is also a home to home to animals like Indian Bison, Elephant, Sloth Bear, Mongoose, Sambar, etc. Endowed with the assorted topography, the place features streams, slopes, valleys and dense forests. Trees such as Sandalwood, Teak, Rosewood, etc. are found in plenty here. This park is also known by the name of Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
4. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Declared as the World Heritage Site, this park houses the two-third of world’s total population of one-horned rhinoceros. Nested in the Golaghat district of northeastern state Assam, this is one of the largest Wildlife Sanctuaries of India. The park presents its visitors with the sight of Swamp Deer, Elephants, Wild Buffaloes, Bengal Foxes, etc. Indian Tigers also reside in this park making it a Tiger Reserve. Water bodies and forests add to the beauty of this Wildlife Sanctuary. Jeep Safaris or Camel Rides can be sought-after activities here.
5. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Settled in the central region of Madhya Pradesh, it is the largest National Park in Central India. Set in the year 1955 and divided into 2 parts- Hallon and Banjar, the park covers an area of approximately 940 sq. km. Among the 22 species of large mammals dwelling in the park, Royal Bengal Tigers are the major attractions. This park has also been starred in “The Jungle Book” of Rudyard Kipling. It is also famous for the animals like hyenas, langurs, jackals, etc. Another grand aspect of this park is in the form of sunset point called Bamni Dadar which offers the stunning view of entire park.
6. Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, it was the hunting ground for the Maharaja of Rewa and later attained the status of a National Park in 1968. Mostly known as a tiger reserve, it is a fine forest abundant in wilderness and vegetation. The park lodges more than 250 species of feathered creatures and 22 species of mammals. Abundance of the carnivores such as Asiatic Jackals, Tigers, Gray Mongoose, etc. is witnessed in the surroundings of the park. Adventure and enjoyment can be sought with a jeep safari.
7. Periyar National Park, Kerala
This is the one and only National Park situated in South India. What sets it apart from all other parks is that it features two rivers namely Pamba and Periyar flowing through the forests. It presents a splendid compilation of nature, wildlife and adventure. Surmounting the region of 257 sq. miles, this park preserves animals such as Elephants, Deers, Nilgiri Tahrs and Langurs. For adventure junkies, park offers the options like bamboo rafting, border hiking, jungle patrol, bullock cart discovery, etc. It is also a hotspot for viewing the tigers roaming around openly in the natural habitat.
8. Manas National Park, Assam
Counted amongst the best maintained National Parks of India, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Assam. Besides this, it is also a Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve. This is not only recognized for its preserves but also for its scenic setting. It accommodates maximum no. of endangered species like Assam Roofed Turtle, Golden Langur, Red Panda, Pygmy Hod, and Hispid Hare. The National Park exhibits 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds and huge variety of reptiles and amphibians. River rafting can also be rejoiced in the premises of the National Park.
9. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Settled down in the foothills of Vindhya and Aravali Hills, Rajasthan is famous for its tiger reserves and its abundant flora and fauna. The site is also a favorite place of wildlife photographers. Extended over an area of 392 sq. km., it is a natural home to various exotic species of the world. The pride of this park is tiger. Animals like leopard, nilgai, wild boar, hyena, etc. are included in the animals found at this park. To have a better view of the park, visitors opt for Tiger Safaris.
10. Gir National Park, Gujarat
It is the only shelter of Asiatic lions in India. It was established on 18 September 1965. The wildlife existing in the park often occupies the rivers and streams flowing nearby. Almost 2375 species of fauna with 38 species of mammals, 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and over 2000 species of insects populate the premises of this National Park. Leopard, Spotted Deer, Hyena, Chinkara, etc. are included in the wildlife forms discovered in the park.
Take a trip to India exploring the abundance of flora and fauna. Through your tour to the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, you can witness endangered and exotic species of the world. If you wish to have a close look at the animals, opt for the private tours that provide a personalized experience along with enabling you to capture some beautiful shots of the Indian jungles and animals.