Hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary
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Hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary

  • Location : Jorhat, Assam

  • Coverage area : 30 sq. km

  • Main attraction : Indian Elephants, Leopards, Tigers

  • Best time to visit : November to Februaryis

  • Nearby excursions : Dissoi Valley Reserve Forest

  • Nearby cities : Jorhat


A Jungle trip is always synonymous with fun along with thrilling experiences in the lap of Mother Nature and wild animals. There are people, who want to spend time in peace and find ways to avoid the busy crowd. A safari trip in any wildlife sanctuary is the best place for them to spend time in serenity.


A brief note on hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary

Jorhat district of Assam is the location of Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary. The forest area had been declared as a reserved forest or a protected area in the year of 1997, and it got its name after the species of tree found dominantly in this region named Hollong, scientifically known as Dipterocarpusmacrocarpus. Another reason for the name given to this sanctuary is after Hoolock Gibbon, the only nocturnal primate of India and it is found throughout the area of the forest.


An idea of the landscape of the area

This forest area has a specialty of tree canopies divided into two zones. The upper portion of the canopy is mainly featured by tall Hollong trees and the lower part of the forest is covered by MesuaFerrea, a kind of small shrub found abundantly along the places of the forest region. The 30 sq. km area of the reserve forest is surrounded by small villages and tea gardens and is just 20 km away from the nearest town. In total, the scenery of the sanctuary is so beautiful that it has become a haven for the photographers and nature lovers.


Know about the weather conditions

Jorhat is gifted with pleasant weather throughout the year. Summer is between 15°C to 20°C and winter temperature remains between 7°C to 8°C, which is the maximum limit. July to September is the time of monsoon and the forest receives heavy rainfall during that time. The leeches feel blessed when the monsoons arrive and they are free to roam about in the sanctuary as the place remains closed during this season.


Choose the right time for your trip

  • November to Februaryis the best time to visit because of the coolest temperature of the year ranging between 8-25°C,which makes its mornings colder.

  • March to Juneis the hottest time, when the temperature rises up to 35°C and a visit during this season should be avoided.

  • August to Octoberbecomes thrilling for the greenery loversbecause monsoon makes the vegetation most luscious inthe park.


Wildlife flora and fauna at hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary

The sanctuary is the home toHoolock, the only non-human nocturnal primate found in the northeast part of India. Some other primates found in the forest are Northern Pig-Tailed Macaque, Stump-Tailed Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Eastern Assamese Macaque, and Capped Langur.


Animals

Hoollongapargives shelter toboundless wildlife. The high biodiversity makes the place home to some other famous animals like Indian Elephants, Leopards, Tigers, Jungle Cats, three types of Civets, four types of Squirrels, and Wild Boar.Around 219 species of birds and many types of snakes and mammals are found in the park. Some other animals found in the top canopy are Amari, Sam, Bhelu, Udal, Sopas, and Hingori.


Mammals

The mammal species found here are Western Hoolock Gibbon, Bengal Slow Loris, Northern Pig-Tailed Macaque, Stump-Tailed Macaque, Eastern Assamese Macaque, Capped Langur, Indian Rhesus Macaque, Hog Deer, Tiger, Common Leopard, Sambar, Porcupine, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Large Indian Civet, Himalayan Giant Squirrel,Common Palm Civet, Indian Elephants, Hoary-Bellied Squirrels, Marbled Cats, Common Mongoose, Leopard Cats, Indian Fox, Common Indian Mongoose, and Jackals.


Reptiles

Indian Rock Python, Indian Cobra, Cat Snake, and Common Rat Snakeare some of the reptile species found here.


Plants

A variety of herbs and shrubs make up the lower canopy and ground layers of the forest. Different varieties of cane, bamboo, ferns, and orchids are found in plenty along with the trees like Holong, Holokh, Sashi, Sam, Ajar, Kathal (Jack Fruit), Titachopa,Seleng, etc.

The leading species of plants ishoolong trees; however, there are other well-known species over the landscape as well. Some are listed below:

Gahorisopa, Bandardima,Chalmogra, Bon Aam, Bhelu,Gamari, Garjan, Halakh, and Kath Badam are some of the plant species.


Other nearby wildlife sanctuaries which can be visited

The area of the sanctuary spreads to the Dissoi Reserve Forest, Dissoi Valley Reserve Forest, and Tiru Hill Reserve Forest, which are used as dispersal routes for Indian elephants and manyother wild animals. Three broad tea gardens that belong to the forest areaareKothalguri, Dissoi, and Hoolonguri.


Distance from major cities

  • Kolkata , 751 km

  • Delhi , 2196 km

  • Mumbai , 2343 km

  • Guwahati , 255 km

  • Shillong , 265 km

  • Bengaluru , 2313 km

  • Bhopal , 1736 km

  • Chandigarh , 1775 km


How to reach the national park ?

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Airports situated near-by

The nearest airport from HoollongaparGibbon Sanctuary is Jorhat Airport, which is 22 km away from the town of Jorhat and is not too far from the forest as well. The major cities are well connected with the airport and it is also connected with Imphal and Guwahati international airports.

Railway station located near the sanctuary

Meleng is the nearest railway station,which is located on the margin of the forest with its line passing through the sanctuary. The Jorhat Town Railway Station is also located at the center of the city.

How to reach the sanctuary via road ?

Hoollongapar is well connected via road also. When you will cross NH1, you will be greeted by NH-37, which passes through Jorhat. This highway leads you to the southern section of the sanctuary.

Where to stay during the visit ?

There are numerous homestays and visitor houses in the primary city of Jorhat. It is possible to discover homestays on arrival just as make pre-appointments through telephone or web. Taxi or cabs are promptly accessible in the city. Once in the woodland, special areacars are given to the guests. It is discretionary to occupy a space in the woods rest house, where dinner is also served.

The guesthouses in the tea estates and homestays give better access to the Sanctuary. Multi day-trip from Kaziranga, which would take you around 3.5 hours is likewise conceivable but make sure that you go on that trip only when you have completed the tour of Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary as it takes a lot of time to explore all the parts of this sanctuary.

Special facts worth mentioning

This Sanctuary is acclaimed for its non-human primate diversity.Seven out of nine types of non-human primates living in this North-Eastern part of India include the Hoolock Gibbon,Slow Loris, Capped Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque,Pigtailed Macaque, and Stump followed Macaque.Other animals found in this Sanctuary are Fox,Civet Cat, Bats, etc.Many distinctive types of lizards,snakes like Cobras and Pythons, and turtles are additionally found in this forest.

Things to keep in mind while planning for the trip

  • Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is open from the first light to nightfall. It is possible to spend the whole day inside the recreation center, as there is no limitation on the span of a visit. Be that as it may, it is smarter to start the sanctuary tour at the beginning of the day, as gibbons are dynamic towards the beginning of the day and their activity decreases after 10am.

  • Carry a pressed breakfast and lunch from your homestay, when you are thinking of spending the whole day at the Sanctuary.

  • Vehicles are not permitted inside the Sanctuary. Wear a decent pair of water-proof shoes as you would have to walk a great deal and may likewise need to go off trail.

  • During and directly after the rainstorm, leeches are galore, and it is wise to carry siphon pumps.

  • A guide can be hired from the workplace of the Sanctuary. According to the recreation center's approach, an equippedguard will likewise go with the guests out on the walk.

  • You will discover offices like ATMs, eateries, drug stores, accommodation stores, oil bunks, and emergency clinics in Jorhat, around 30km away. There are no offices near the Sanctuary.

At a glance

  • It is recognized as an important Bird Area situated in Assam(IBA) by Bird Life International since, it is a residence of very nearly 800 distinct types of winged animals of which a few are wiped out.

  • Hoolock gibbon is just a chimp, which does not have a tail and lives on trees.

  • The natural surroundings contain loads of uncommon and priceless types of trees and different animals.

Conclusion

For wildlife devotees, planning to get a look at the Western Hoolock Gibbon, declared as endangered by the IUCN Regional Red List, the Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary in Jorhat locale, Assam is the place to visit. This tailless primate, with long arms double the length of its legs, is a wilderness gymnast, swinging through the tall trees of the jungle. Populaces of this primate species are found in the upper eastern areas of India, yet one of the biggest gatherings live in this ensured space, so it really is the best place to see them.This place is the ideal destination for wildlife photographers, researchers, nature lovers,and for everyone, who loves thetranquillity of nature that is found here. This place will make your mind fresh and boost energy to start anew.


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