Kaziranga National Park
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Kaziranga National Park

  • Location : 217-km East Of Guwahati, Assam

  • Coverage area : 430-sq-kms

  • Main attraction : Elephant Safari & One-Horned Rhino

  • Best time to visit : Mid-November to Early April

  • Nearby excursions : lush coffee & rubber plantations  of the nearby Karbi Anglong

  • Nearby cities : Bokakhat, which is about 23 km


If you love to observe animals and birds, then Kaziranga National Park is the best place for you. The perfect harmony of the wetlands, grasslands of the area along with an abundant population of many animals helps you witness what wildlife in India look like.

The park is known for tigers and many rare migratory birds. But the most attractive feature of the Kaziranga National Park is that it holds about two-thirds of the entire population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses. The park is overlooked by and maintained by the Government of India and the Government of Assam. The park has been declared as World Heritage Site.


Location of kaziranga national park

Located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts area of Assam in India, the Kaziranga National Park is a protected area of forests, wetlands, and grasslands. The park is spread across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River and includes an area of 430 km2.

The National Park stretches across 378 sq. km of land with an addition of 429 sq. of land. The Kaziranga National Park was declared as a UNESCO in the year 1985. The park is located at the edge of Eastern Himalayan biodiversity and enjoys the waters of the Brahmaputra River. The Kaziranga Park is made of fertile alluvial soil formed by the erosion and silt deposition of the Brahmaputra River.


Geographical landscape of the national park

The geographical landscape of the National Park includes forests, wetlands, and grasslands. The geographical location of the Kaziranga National Park is 26°30' N, and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E. The southern boundary of the park is Mora Diphlu, Brahmaputra River forms the northern and eastern boundaries. Apart from the Brahmaputra River the National Park also includes Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri rivers.

The rivers here keep the entire park cool and pleasant.


Nearby wildlife sanctuaries

Manas National Park, and Nameri National Park are two wildlife sanctuaries near the Kaziranga National Park.


The Climatic Conditions of the Area

According to the geographical conditions of the park, the National Park experiences three seasons, summers, monsoon and winters. The winter season here begins in November and lasts up to February. The temperatures during the winter season range between 25 °C and 5 °C. Summers here begin in March and end at May, during this season the animals are usually found near the water bodies. The climate during summers is dry and hot.

The monsoon season here lasts June to September. The annual rainfall here is 2,220 mm.


Ideal Time to Visit the National Park

The Kaziranga National Park experiences hot and humid summers, which are usually dry. The monsoon season here is not suitable for visits, as every year River Brahmaputra floods in. The animals, during such times, move to higher grounds.

The best time to visit the Kaziranga National Park is between November to April, as the weather is pleasant, and the animals can be observed here without any hindrances.


Types of animals that inhabit the wildlife park

Kaziranga National Park is known for its animal diversity. This park is famous for its population of one-horned rhinoceroses and elephants, which aid in the development of the park’s unique diversity. The National Park is also known for its population of tigers and wild buffaloes.

Mammals in the Nnational park

Tigers, elephants, wild boar, Barasingha deer, Indian rhinoceros, golden langur, Hog deer, fishing cat, sloth bear, leaf monkey, golden jackal, barking deer, sambar, white-browed gibbon, eastern mole, pangolin, fishing cat, Bengal fox, large Indian civet, small Indian civet, small Indian mongoose, Chinese ferret badger, hog badger Asiatic black bear, Indian Bison, orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel, Assamese macaque, Indian gaur, leopard, jungle cat, swamp deer, Indian porcupine, Ganges and Indus river dolphin, rhesus macaque, common otter and Indian gray mongoose.

Birds

Rose-ringed parakeets, Pallas's fish eagle, Indian Roller, Red junglefowl, and many other rare migratory birds.

Reptiles

Tortoises, Snakes, Crocodile, Lizards, Alligator (Gharial)

The natural vegetation or flora

The natural vegetation of the park is primarily divided into three parts, tropical semi-evergreen forests, alluvial inundated grasslands, and tropical wet evergreen forests. Sugarcanes, elephant grass, the common reed and spear grass are some of the common types of tall grass types found here. The area around the Brahmaputra River is characterized by tall elephant grasses and swamplands. Apart from this, the Kaziranga National Park’s vegetation includes rugged reeds, sheer woods, shallow pools, and marshes.

One can even find Rattan Cane, which is a climbing palm. The presence of Rattan Cane adds beauty to the park. Open jungles, water bodies, short grasses, and tall grasses make up for the flora in the park.


Distance from major cities

  • Guwahati, 193.1 km

  • Dimapur , 172.4 km

  • Jorhat , 112.7 km

  • Delhi , 2,120.6 km

  • Kolkata, 1,212.9 km

  • Jaipur , 2,140.6 km

  • Mumbai , 2,941.6 km

  • Hyderabad, 2,648.5 km

  • Chennai ,2,860.3 km

  • Bangalore ,3,057.7 km


How to reach the National park ?

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Kaziranga National Park is situated in an easy to access place. This park can be accessed with the help of trains, flights and through roads from various major cities in the country. Here is all the information to get to Kaziranga National Park:

Nearest airport

Jorhat which is 96 kms away from the Kaziranga National Park, and is the nearest airport. Domestic flights to various major cities in the country are connected to this airport.

Railways

The nearest railway station to the Kaziranga National Park is Furketing, which is only 75 kilometers away from the park. Connecting trains from various cities in the country stop and go from here.

Roads

There are linking buses from Jorhat and Guwahati that take one to the Kaziranga National Park. The national park is linked with various cities through a sturdy network of roadways. One can make use of their personal car or can easily travel with the help of a cab, which can be hailed from Jorhat or Guwahati.

Where to stay while touring kaziranga national park ?

There are many hotels, resorts, and places to stay at when you visit Kaziranga National Park. With amazing accommodation and eating facilities, one can find many places to stay near the National Park. Here is a list of some of the best places to stay at near the National Park:

  • Landmark Woods

  • Camp Rihno Resort

  • Kaziranga Resort

  • Resort Borgos

  • Kaziranga Florican Lodge

  • Hotel Mandal Ghang

  • You can even camp at Diphlu River Lodge

All about the safari rides

Kaziranga National Park is one of the most diverse wildlife parks in the country. With a large population of rhinos, elephants, and various other animals, the beauty of National Park can be enjoyed the best with safari rides. The safari rides in the national sanctuary include four different ranges, namely, Kaziranga Range, Eastern Range, Western Range, and Burapahar Range. All four safari rides/ranges have different timings. These safari rides take place twice in a day, one in the early morning at 5:30 AM and the next in the afternoon, at 3:00 PM.

You can even take part in the jeep safari rides at the park to observe the beauty of the park. There are two slots for the safari rides, one early in the morning at 7.30 AM and the other one in the afternoon, 2:00 PM. You can even trek at the Kaziranga National Park; there are two trails, 11 and 5-kilometer trails.

Some fabulous places to visit near kaziranga national park

Kaziranga National Park is located near in Assam. Apart from visiting the National Park, you can also visit various places near Kaziranga, such as ShillongGuwahati and Dimapur. Or you can make visit the Manas National Park and Nameri National Park near the Kaziranga National Park.

Hope you find the information mentioned here useful and use the same to plan a trip to Kaziranga National Park.


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