Simlipal National Park
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Simlipal National Park Odisha

  • Location : Mayurbhanj, Odisha

  • Coverage area : 2700 sq. km

  • Main attraction : Asian Elephant, tiger and gaur

  • Best time to visit : October to May

  • Nearby excursions : Barheipani Falls, Jaranda Falls

  • Nearby cities : Bhubaneswar

Taking its name from the abundance of semul or red silk cotton trees which form a vivid bloom in this region, the Simlipal National Park is home to three of India's biggest animal species - Asian Elephant, tiger and gaur. It is nestled in the very centre of Mayurbhanj, the northernmost district of Odisha (Orissa). Simlipal was once a hunting ground for the erstwhile rulers of Marurbhanj which today is one of the most picturesque and scenic town in Orissa. The area was declared as a wildlife sanctuary by the Government of Orissa in 1979 is also considered as one of the main tiger project in India.


Climatic Conditions

The area of Simlipal reserve is a rich example of bio-diversity and is gifted with some of the indigenous flora and fauna varieties, thanks to its amazing geographic location. The average elevation is 559.31 metres and there is a rising from 600 metres to 1,500 metres. The temperature is around 40°C during the summers and the winters see a close to 14°C. There's moderate to very heavy rainfall in the area depending on the monsoon season.


Best Season in Simlipal

The ideal time to visit this National Park is the winter season. The temperature remains comfortable from October to December and is apt for visiting the monuments and other places of interest near Simlipal. The best months to visit are October, November, December, February, April and May. Some prefer to enjoy the greenery post the monsoon season when the temperature remains between 13°C to 25°C. Light cotton clothes are the best attire if you want to enjoy freely.


Types of Animal in Park

Wildlife with a plethora of wildlife attractions in the National Park, it is one of the ideal places to enjoy a wide range of avifauna, flora and fauna.

The park is full of precious Sal trees and the topography gets denser as and how you proceed in the forest. It is the biggest Reserve Forest block of India with an area of 2271.78 km². The most common animals found in the area include :

  • Tiger

  • Leopard

  • Elephant

  • Bison

  • Bear

  • Ratel

  • Sambar

  • Spotted Deer

  • Mouse Deer

  • Barking Deer

  • Wild Boar

  • Giant Squirrel

  • Flying Squirrel

  • Otter

  • Langur

  • Porcupine

  • Pangolin

  • Leopard

  • Barking and Spotted Deer

  • Sloth Bear Mongoose


Some of the interesting birds found in the National Park includes :

  • Red Jungle Fowl

  • Hill Myna

  • Grey Hornbill

  • Indian Pied Hornbill

  • Malabar Pied Hornbill

  • Indian Trogon

  • Peafowl

  • Alexandrine Parakeet

  • Crested Serpent Eagle

  • Grey Wagtail

  • Alexandrine Parakeet

  • Serpent Eagle

Not only these, but there is a wide range of reptiles as well. Python, Monitor Lizard, Forest Calotes, Chameleon, Mugger Crocodile, King Cobra, Viper, Banded Krait, Black Turtle, Rat snake, Common krait, Russel’s viper are some of them to name.


Flora

With more than 1076 species of plants belonging to 102 different families, Simlipal Reserve is a treasure house for the floral enthusiasts. Over 96 species of orchids have been identified here and most of it is a part of mixed type of vegetation known as Odisha semi-evergreen forests. Predominantly, the reserve has tropical moist deciduous forests along with dry deciduous hill forest with Sal trees across the area. The grasslands and the savannas are seen as the brooding grounds for the herbivores.

Interestingly, there are innumerable medicinal and aromatic plants in the forest that serve as a source of earnings for the tribal people.


Distance from major cities

  • Delhi, 1525.3 km

  • Mumbai, 1712.3 km

  • Kolkata, 280 km

  • Jaipur, 1261 km

  • Hyderabad, 1005 km

  • Bhubaneswar, 281 km

  • Chennai, 1698 km


How to reach the National park ?

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By road

The nearest airports are Bhubaneswar and Kolkata airport, which are both about 270 and 240 Km from the National Park respectively. Baripada, the district headquarters of Mayurbhanj, lies on the junction of NH 5 and 6. It is approximately 240 km from Kolkata, 170 km from Bhubaneswar, 60 km from Balasore and 22 km from Pithabata. One of the other entry point is Jashipur is 94 km from Baripada which is located on the NH 6. Both these entry points are well connected by state bus services but for tourists there are facilities for taxis and jeeps. The bus services run by the OSRTC connect the major towns in and around the state. The most frequently operated services are from Jamshedpur, Kolkata and Bhubaneswar.

By rail

Being one of the most loved tourist attractions of Orissa, it is well connected by the railways as well. The nearest railhead is Balasore which is about 60 km from Baripada. Various passenger and express trains connect Orissa and the nearby cities. The direct rail connect is there between Kolkata and Bhubaneswar. The major trains running on the South-Eastern sector connect Balasore with the rest of the major cities.

By Air

There are two airports near Simlipal - Kolkata (240 km) and Bhubaneswar (270 km). Some also prefer the Jamshedpur airport which is about 140 km away and have regular connecting flights.

Accommodation Facilities

There are number of options for accommodation around the National Park. Advance booking is officially required if you wish to stay in the forest lodges or rest houses in Baripada through the Field Director of Project Tiger - Baripada, Mayurbhunj district. Being one of the famous tourist attractions, they have developed some world-class resorts, hotels and guests houses with all the facilities and stunning view of nature.

Activities

There are a number of activities you can get involved into while at the National Park. Some of the common interests include but not limited to :

  • Birding

  • Jungle Trekking

  • Hill Trekking

  • Star Gazing

  • Farm Visits

  • Cultural Tours

All these are generally accompanies by the eco tour guides.

Simlipal has an assemblage of ecosystems ranging into the forests, grasslands and wetlands. Because of its bio-geographical situation and geological features, and for being one of the first eight Biosphere Reserves of India, it is possible the most ideal place to visit for Scientists pursuing studies on biodiversity.

Nearby Places / Attractions

Barheipani Falls

One of the most spectacular and eye-catching waterfall in the Simlipal reserve area can be best seen from a height of 399m. This is a perfect beauty for environment-loving tourists. Its mesmerizing landscape helps to make a grand escape from the urban life.

Jaranda Falls

It is a breathtaking attraction located at the core region of Simlipal. It is surrounded by thick vegetation and its year-round cool climate makes it marvelous picnic spot.

Trekking

Natural walks, hiking and rough trekking are some of the attractions loved by the youngsters. To make it more interesting, the experienced eco tour guides can assist with the factual information on the thrills of the trails.


Map

Related Wildlife Species Founds in India

Tour Booking

  • iata
  • taai
  • iato
  • ministry of tourism
  • fieo
  • tripadvisor

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